|Image by Rosaura Ochoa (CC BY 2.0)|
In 2011, EQAO reported that students had difficulties with answering questions about the graphic selection on the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test. Here are three things you can do to help students to improve their visual literacy:
Create a reading plan for reading graphic texts. Skilled readers often have a plan in mind when approaching any kind of text. How do you go about reading a graphic text? The following questions will guide your thinking as you help your students create a reading plan for reading graphic texts:
- What are the features of graphic selections?
- What is the purpose of the title?
- What do captions do? Why does the creator describe visuals in this way?
- In graphic texts, words and labels are chosen carefully, and are used with purpose. How do the labels relate to the visuals?
- What kinds of visuals are used? Graphs? Tables? Pictures? Symbols? Maps?
- How do you read each kind of visual? What details do you need to attend to? What do the visuals mean? Can you say what a visual is about, in a sentence?
- Why did the creator choose these visuals to represent an idea? How do the visuals relate to the heading or title?